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Gum Disease & Gum Care: Information, Prevention & Care

In addition to threatening your oral health, gum disease can result in other issues. Today, our London dentists explain what gum disease (periodontitis) is and how you can improve the health of your gums.

Gum Disease Explained

Gum (periodontal) disease is caused by plaque – bacteria that builds up on your teeth and creates toxins. These toxins affect the gum tissue and bones surrounding the teeth.

Though it may be painless at first and grow slowly, gum disease can have serious consequences. Not only could you lose your teeth, but because gum health interconnects with many other aspects of oral and physical health, this infection can put you at risk for heart disease, cancer, and diabetes. This is why it is essential that we do not allow it to progress to the more serious stages.

Types of Gum Disease

Here are the two types of gum disease


Gingivitis refers to gum disease in its early stages. At this point, your gums might become sensitive, red, and swollen, and you might detect blood in your toothbrush or when you floss.


Periodontitis is the more serious form of gum disease. At this stage, your gums recede and bacteria eventually fill pockets between gums and teeth. Light to moderate bone loss in the jaw can also happen.

Advanced Periodontitis

Teeth lose support as your gums, bone, and periodontal ligament break down. Moderate to severe bone loss in your jaw may occur, and your teeth can become loose or fall out.

Ways To Improve & Maintain Your Gum Health

Though gum disease has scary outcomes, most cases are preventable with good oral hygiene and regular checkups. Here’s what you can do at home and how your dentist can help:

At Home Practices

    • Visit your dentist regularly and let them know about any changes, gum sensitivity, or soreness
    • Floss once daily
    • Brush at least two times a day
    • Rinse thoroughly with an alcohol-free anti-gingivitis mouthwash

What Your Dentist Can Do for Your Gums

Your dentist provides professional cleanings and tracks your oral health so any problems can be spotted early.

They’ll ask if you’ve noticed any changes or sensitivity in your gums, whether you’ve been following your regular oral care routine, and answer any questions you may have about oral hygiene and care.

Gum Disease Treatments

At Forest City Dental, our dentists offer a range of services that can help you maintain healthy gums as well as prevent or treat gum disease:

Preventive Hygiene

To treat gum disease in its earliest stage, we recommend frequent hygiene appointments, deep cleanings, and specialized home care routines.

Gum Grafts

This surgical procedure thickens gums, protects against the damaging effects of gum recession, and can help improve the way your smile looks.

Pinhole Gum Rejuvenation Surgery

The Chao Pinhole® Surgical Technique is a scalpel-free, suture-free option for treating gum recession. A dentist uses a needle to make a small hole in the patient’s existing gum tissue, through which they use special instruments to gently loosen the gum tissue. The gumline is gently adjusted to cover the exposed root structure.

Teeth & Gum Contouring

These cosmetic procedures could help improve the overall aesthetics of your smile. Teeth contouring consists of using a dental drill to shave away excess tooth material and reshaping chipped, uneven, or poorly aligned teeth, while excess gum tissue is removed to contour or lift gums.

Don't hesitate to contact our London dentists if your gums are sore or swollen.

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